The page contains links to lists about government and civics. This covers different types of governments around the world.
- List of Vice Presidents
- List of Canadian Prime Ministers
- List of First Ladies
- List of French Presidents
- List of German Chancellors
- List of India Prime Ministers
- List of Japanese Prime Ministers
- List of Presidents Of Afghanistan
- List of Presidents Of Argentina
- List of Presidents Of Austria
- List of Presidents Of Bolivia
- List of Presidents Of Brazil
- List of Presidents Of Burkina Faso
- List of Presidents Of Burundi
- List of Presidents Of China
- List of Presidents Of Mexico
- List of Presidents Of South Africa
- List of Presidents Of Ukraine
- List of Prime Ministers Of Bangladesh
- List of Speakers Of The House
- List of Supreme Court Associate Justices
- List of Supreme Court Chief Justices
- List of UK Prime Ministers
- List of US Presidents
Governments were first formed as a means of protection and defense for the citizens of a land. Governments maintain law and order, provide public goods and services, and regulate economic activity. They also redistribute wealth by taxing it. The modern democratic state is often governed by a constitution that defines what the country stands for and how it should be run.
There are many different levels of government, and each level has its own set of responsibilities. The most basic level is the local government, which is responsible for things like public safety, education, and sanitation. The next level up is the state government, which deals with issues like transportation and environmental protection. The federal government handles issues like immigration and national security. Of course, this will vary from country to country, but generally, there is a local-to-country hierarchy in place.
There are many different types of governments. In a democracy, citizens have the opportunity to vote for their leaders who will represent them in all decisions. In a republic, decisions are made by the representatives. In a democratic republic, the people decide who these representatives will be to act for them in government. These representatives then vote on laws and other decisions that will affect the people.
In a dictatorship, a singular leader makes decisions without input from the people. Some countries have a monarchy in which one person has complete power and is both the head of state and head of government.
Governments, in general, have served to provide a framework for society. They are responsible for the creation of laws, regulations, and policies that govern the people.